Friday, January 4, 2019

New Year Chronicles

Monthly GIA Elementary Newsletter

Teacher Feature: Winter Break Wipe-Outs

This winter break, one of our teachers trekked with her Oregonian family up to Mt. Hood. On the mountain, they went snow tubing down a fairly steep hill. This video is the first wipe out they experienced, however, it, unfortunately, wasn't them who wiped out. This video captured their experience. We hope your Christmas break was as fun, but safer than hers!




January Birthdays:
  • Becky A.
  • Lelentle K.
  • Tiffany V.
  • Catherine C.
  • Micah C.
  • Jessica A.
  • Tsedintle
  • Jonathan S.
  • Evans Junior M.
  • Brock H.
  • Rita B.
  • Yuliya H.
  • John-Nathan S.
  • Hananiah A.
  • Charles D.
  • Kyle R.
  • Rebekah S.
  • Devan S.
  • Abrielle W.
  • Aivah G.
  • Xan E.






 Storytime Announcements

starting for the new year on January 10th!

Chef's Corner!

Nothing is better on a cold than a nice big bowl of flavorful chili. Substitute the chicken for veggie meat and enjoy! 


Ingredients:
•1 onion, chopped
•3 cloves garlic, minced
•1 Tb oil
•2 – 15 ounce cans vegetable broth
•15 ounce can petite diced tomatoes
•7 ounce can diced green chilis
•2 rounded tsp chili powder
•1 rounded tsp oregano
•2 can black beans, drained and rinsed
•1 can corn, drained
•1  bag of Gardein Chicken Strips
•Optional toppings: cheese, cilantro, avocado, sour cream and tortilla chips

Instructions:
1. In a large pot heated over high heat, add the oil, onion and garlic. Sauté until the onions soften. 
2. Add the broth, tomatoes, chilis and seasonings. Bring to a boil and allow to simmer for 5 minutes. 
3. Add the beans, corn and chicken then simmer for 5 minutes before serving with cheese, cilantro, avocado, sour cream and tortilla chips.


 Creating in the kitchen is so much fun! You can share your pictures of your apple crisp on griggs facebook page, or email them to me so that I can see your creation.

     

A Little Pick-Me-Up


Isaiah 43:19- "I am about to do something new. See, I have already begun! Do you not see it? I will make a pathway through the wilderness. I will create rivers in the dry wasteland."

The new year can be full of exciting events and a time to refresh ourselves. New commitments are made and we try to better ourselves through spiritual growth and healthy choices. However, by the middle of February, we seem to find ourselves in the same cycle! This verse is a reminder that Jesus is the only one who can create real, lasting change in our hearts and lives. As we move forward into 2019, let's focus not on ourselves and our efforts, but on the One who makes all things new. 


Happy New Year: 
Parents, try this cool new years resolution with your kids! Here is the link if you want the printable: https://www.thirtyhandmadedays.com/new-years-resolution-kids-2018/
Updated Year in Review - 2018 - have your kids fill this sheet out every year! from www.thirtyhandmadedays.com
Image result for happy new year gif cartoon

Craft/Science Project:

Let's start school this year with a BANG!

erupting snowballs winter science

Supplies:

  • 1 cup baking soda
  • 1 tsp. dish soap (+ extra for experimenting)
  • glitter
  • water
  • Vinegar
  • Spray bottle
  • Glass Jar
  • Pie Tin
To Make the Snowballs:
  1. Stir together baking soda and glitter in a bowl. Combine your baking soda mixture with dish soap and mix well.  Add water to your spray bottle and mist your baking soda mixture.  Mix it with your hands and continue misting until a dough forms.  Once a dough forms you can place it in a mold.  I used a large round Tbsp. measuring spoon to make mine but a small muffin tin or other forms would work just as well.  Let dry at least 12 hrs until completely dry.
The Experiment
  1. Place your glass jar inside your pie tin.  The pie tin will catch the overflow.
  2. We experimented with six different volumes and solutions to see the reactions of our erupting snowballs.
    3 oz vinegar
    2 oz vinegar, 2 oz warm water
    6 oz vinegar
    3 oz vinegar, 3 oz warm water
    6 oz vinegar, 1/2 tsp dish soap
    3 oz vinegar, 3 oz warm water, 1/2 tsp dish soap
  3. Take notes and see which one gives you the biggest reaction! 

    Monday, December 10, 2018

    Jingle all the...

    Bi-Weekly GIA Newsletter

    Christmas Around the World

    The Giant Lantern Festival (Ligligan Parul Sampernandu) is held each year on the Saturday before Christmas Eve in the city of San Fernando – the “Christmas Capital of the Philippines.” The festival attracts spectators from all over the country and across the globe. Eleven barangays (villages) take part in the festival and competition is fierce as everyone pitches in trying to build the most elaborate lantern. Originally, the lanterns were simple creations around half a metre in diameter, made from ‘papel de hapon’ (Japanese origami paper) and lit by candle. Today, the lanterns are made from a variety of materials and have grown to around six metres in size. They are illuminated by electric bulbs that sparkle in a kaleidoscope of patterns.

    Looking for some festive sparkle? Spend Christmas in the Philippines

    December Birthdays:
    • Gabriel P
    • Mohammed R.
    • Zoe H.
    • Eugene K.
    • Alle B.
    • Caellum L.
    • Rahel A.
    • Tiffany M.
    • Joanne L.
    • Jamerra S.
    • Jahziyah A.
    • Clarisse F.
    • Tamupiwanashe T.






     Storytime Announcements

    Baker's Corner!

    Santa Hat Pancakes

    Cute and Easy Santa Hat Mini Pancake Stackers recipe - a fun and healthy Christmas breakfast idea for kids from Eats Amazing UK


    Mini Pancake Ingredients:
    • 140g self-raising flour
    • 1 tsp baking powder
    • 2 tbs golden granulated sugar
    • pinch salt
    • 125ml milk (or soya milk for dairy free)
    • 1 large egg
    • 2 tbs vegetable oil
    • butter or dairy-free spread for frying

      • To Serve:
        • 8 large strawberries
        • mini marshmallows
        • icing sugar for dusting (optional)
        • Whipped cream (optional)
      1. Start by making the mini pancakes. These taste best warm from the pan but can also be made in advance and stored in an airtight container in the fridge for a day if necessary.
      2. Measure out the flour, baking powder, and sugar and sift into a bowl along with the salt.
      3. In a separate jug or bowl, lightly whisk the egg then mix with the milk and oil.
      4. Mix the wet and dry ingredients together then lightly whisk until well combined and lump free.
      5. Spoon the pancake mix into a sauce bottle or piping bag then leave to rest for 5 minutes while you heat up the pan. If you don’t have a sauce bottle or piping bag, just leave the mixture to rest in the bowl and use a teaspoon to make the pancakes instead.
      6. Heat the pan over a medium heat, then drop in the butter and swirl around until completely melted.
      7. Draw and then fill in mini circles of pancake mixture to make your pancakes, making sure you leave enough room between the pancakes to flip them over once ready.
      8. Cook the pancakes until they start to bubble up, then flip them over and cook on the other side until golden.
      9. Remove from the pan and repeat until all the mixture is used up.
      10. To assemble the pancake stacks, start by making the Santa hats. Cut the top off each strawberry. Push each strawberry onto a cocktail stick leaving a small point sticking out of the pointy end, then pop a marshmallow on top to form the hat.
      11. Stack the pancakes, 4 or 5 to a pile, then top each stack with whipped cream and a Santa hat strawberry, pushing the cocktail stick into the stack to hold it all together. 
      12. Place on a platter or board, dust with icing sugar and serve immediately.

       Creating in the kitchen is so much fun! You can share your pictures of your apple crisp on Griggs facebook page, or email them to me so that I can see your creation.

           

      A Little Pick-Me-Up


      John 1:14 says, "The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the one and only Son, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth." Even though Christmas wasn't when Jesus was actually born, we still celebrate his birth during this time. Jesus coming to this earth was the single greatest thing that has ever happened in history. Because of Him, we can have everlasting. He took on pain and limitation so we could be free! Let's focus on Jesus this season, thanking Him for His sacrifice. 


      Christmas Facts:
      • Want to know a useful way to recycle your Christmas tree? Some zoos take donated Christmas trees and use them as food for the animals. 
      • In 1914 during World War I there was a now famous Christmas truce in the trenches between the British and the Germans. They exchanged gifts across a neutral no man’s land, played football together, and decorated their shelters. (Read more about it in the book “Silent Night: The Story of the World War I Christmas Truce” by Stanley Weintraub.)
      • The Christmas wreath was originally hung as a symbol of Jesus. The holly represents his crown of thorns and the red berries the blood he shed.
      • In Poland, spiders are considered to be symbols of prosperity and goodness at Christmas. In fact, spiders and spider webs are often used as Christmas tree decorations. According to legend, a spider wove baby Jesus a blanket to keep him warm.
      • The tradition of hanging stockings comes from a Dutch legend. A poor man had three daughters for whom he could not afford to provide a dowry. St. Nicholas dropped a bag of gold down his chimney and gold coins fell out and into the stockings drying by the fireplace. The daughters now had dowries and could be married, avoiding a life on the streets.
      • Almost 28 sets of LEGO are sold every second during the Christmas season.
      Related image

      Craft/Science Project

      This hot chocolate science experiment is a fun way to learn about how temperature affects the rate at which hot chocolate dissolves. It's a great STEM activity that uses items you probably already have in your kitchen.


      Supplies:
      Instructions:
      1.  Make a prediction: Which temperature of water would dissolve the hot chocolate the quickest?
      2. Empty your hot chocolate into your mugs, one packed per mug. Them move on to testing the different temperatures of water.
      3. Decide what kind of temperature you want your water to be. Some good examples would be ice cold, room temperature and hot water. If you want more specific temperatures, you can use a kitchen thermometer to measure the water's temperature.
      4. Measure 6 oz of water and pour into the mug, one mug at a time. Once the water is added to a mug, start your stopwatch and stir. Keep the stopwatch running until you see the hot chocolate has dissolved. 
      5. Take turns measuring the water, stirring and operating the stopwatch. Time how long it takes the hot chocolate to dissolve in each mug. 
      6. Write down your results in your notebook and hypothesize why each result happened as it did.
      7. Science tidbit READ ONCE EXPERIMENT IS DONE
        1. Hot water has more energy than cold water. With more energy, the molecules in the water move fast breaking down the hot chocolate mix quicker. 
      If you need more information/picture references, visit this link: https:/creativefamilyfun.net/hot-chocolate-science/

      Thursday, November 15, 2018

      Pumpkin, Leaves & Monopoly

      Bi-Weekly GIA Newsletter

      Student Feature: "Delicious Double Helix" 

      Rueben really enjoyed one of our science activities this week! He created an edible double helix. Nice work Rueben! 



      November Birthdays:
      • Elgin C.
      • Zaini R.
      • Hanner C.
      • Tyler R. 
      • Vanessa M.
      • Nicolas S.
      • Emma T.
      • Julian Y.
      • Sierra B.
      • David K.
      • Elmejoy A.
      • Vanessa S.
      • Jeffrey II A.
      • Denise K.
      • Tyler W.
      • Brandon W.
      • Megan G.
      • Bella E.
      • Zephaniah A.
      • Noah D.
      • Melquisedec MN.
      • Hannah G.
      • Jonathan B.
      • Gabriel L.
      • Jayden M.
      • Esther P.
      • Ezekiel B.
      • Thomas B.
      • Jomar F.
      • Tiffany RC.
      • Gabriel M.



       Storytime Announcements

      Baker's Corner!

      Pumpkin Spice Muffins
      pumpkin muffins on plate

      Batter Ingredients:
      • Spice Cake Mix
      • 1 can Pumpkin (I used canned pumpkin puree)
      • 3 eggs
      • 1/4 cup of water
      Streusel Topping Recipe
      • 1/2 cup of flour
      • 1/2 cup brown sugar
      • 1/4 cup butter
      Instructions:
      1. We will begin by preparing the muffin batter. Mix all your ingredients together in a large mixing bowl. You can use a whisk, hand blender or stand mixer.
      2. Place muffin tins in the muffin pan, or evenly coat each socket with spray oil. 
      3. Use a 1/4 measuring cup or ice cream scooper and fill the muffin tins until they are 3/4 of the way full. Be careful not to fill them up all the way or they will spill over.
      4. Prepare the streusel by mixing the flour and sugar together. Then cut in the butter.
      5. Place a couple of spoonfuls of streusel on each muffin.
      6. Bake at 350 for 15-18 minutes.
      If you aren’t into the streusel you can always enjoy the muffins plain or you might try a cream cheese frosting or maple glaze. It might also be fun to throw a few chocolate chips into the batter.

       Creating in the kitchen is so much fun! You can share your pictures of your apple crisp on griggs facebook page, or email them to me so that I can see your creation.

           

      A Little Pick-Me-Up


      What is the difference between praise and thankfulness? When we are thankful to God we are thanking Him for what he has done for us. He has given us food on our table, an education and friends and family. This is important to do! Praise gives credit to God for who he is! Look at the difference in this verse, "The trumpeters and musicians joined in unison to give praise and thanks to the LORD. Accompanied by trumpets, cymbals and other instruments, the singers raised their voices in praise to the LORD and sang: “He is good; his love endures forever.” This Thanksgiving let's give thanks to God for WHO he is and what he has done. 


      November Facts: 
      • National Sandwich Day is November 3rd
      • The Erie Canal was formally opened in New York on November 4, 1825.
      • Abraham Lincoln gave his Gettysburg Address on November 19, 1863.
      • The US and Canada celebrate the end of WWI every year on November 11, 1918.
      • Bruce Lee's, martial artist, and film star birthday is November 27, 1940.
      • Parker Brothers introduced the world to the Monopoly game on November 5, 1935.
      Image result for gifs monopoly

      Craft/Science Project

       Using puffy fabric paint and wax paper, create your own window clings - perfect for any season or holiday!



















      Supplies:
      • Puffy Fabric Paint
      • Wax Paper
      • Printed Template
      Instructions:
      1. To make the template, I just found a leaf shape I liked, copy and pasted it a few times in a word doc, and printed it out. Lay a piece of wax paper over the template. If you don’t have wax paper, a plastic sandwich bag would also work!
      2. Using the puffy paint, I traced the outline of the leaf first then filled it in. I just used the tip of the puffy paint bottle to schmoosh the paint around, but I also found using a paint brush works pretty well if your little one has a hard time using the bottle to paint.
      3. Put the painted wax paper in a safe place to dry overnight.
      4. After the puffy paint has dried, the shapes can be pulled off the wax paper. I recommend this be done by an adult or older child. Depending on how large the shape is, it might need to be pulled off in sections or the paint starts to stretch out a little.
      5. And now the leaves are ready to be stuck to the windows! These are so simple to make and would be great for any season or holiday.
      If you need more information/picture references, visit this link: https://typicallysimple.com/diy-window-clings/

      Wednesday, October 24, 2018

      Fall is in the Air...

      {Issue #)

      Bi-Weekly GIA Newsletter

      Student Feature: Coming Soon...

      Look here soon for your chance to be featured
      in GIA's blog!

      October Birthdays:
      • Eustace P. 
      • Esosa O. 
      • Andrea S. 
      • Issac B. 
      • Chrishella K.
      • Michael M. 
      • Elliott F. 
      • K'Khtah A. 
      • Elizabeth H. 
      • Priscilla G. 
      • Tiffany M.
      • Haley C. 
      • Caleb J. 
      • Chulese B. 
      • Micah P.
      • Sarah B. 
      • Daniel W. 
      • Domenic H. 
      • Mickaylee S. 


              


       Storytime Announcements

      Baker's Corner!

      Easy Apple Pie Bites

      * 1/4 cup packed light brown sugar
      • * 1 teaspoon apple pie spice, and additional apple pie spice (about 1/4 teaspoon) for sprinkling on top of crescent rolls

      • * 3 tablespoons butter, melted

      • * 1/3 cup chopped pecans

      • * 1 small Granny Smith apple, cored and sliced into 8 (1/2-inch) slices

      • * 1 (8-ounce) can Pillsbury Original crescent rolls

      1. Preheat your oven to 375 degrees F. Line a baking sheet with parchment paper.
      2. In a small bowl, combine brown sugar and apple pie spice. Set aside.
      3. Melt butter and toss apple slices in butter, set aside.
      4. Arrange crescent roll triangles on a baking sheet lined with parchment paper. Evenly distribute brown sugar mixture onto each triangle.
      5. Sprinkle each triangle evenly with the chopped pecans. Place an apple slice on the wide end of each triangle. Wrap crescent roll dough around each apple.
      6. Brush each crescent roll with remaining butter. Sprinkle lightly with additional apple pie spice.
      7. Bake for 10-12 minutes, or until golden brown. Cool for 5 minutes before serving.
       Creating in the kitchen is so much fun! You can share your pictures of your apple crisp on griggs facebook page, or email them to me so that I can see your creation.

      A Little Pick-Me-Up

      "So all of us who have had that veil removed can see and reflect the glory of the Lord. And the Lord—who is the Spirit—makes us more and more like him as we are changed into his glorious image." (2 Corinthians 3:18) This verse is a reminder that what we behold, we become. When you behold something, it means you're looking at it for a long time. You're spending a lot of time with it! The things you spend your time doing or the people you spend your time with will eventually make up part of who you are. Take some time to think about how much time you're spending doing things in your life and if that is equally balanced with the time you're spending with Jesus. The more time you spend with Him, the more you will become like Him!


      Fun Fact: When leaves change color in the fall, they are actually becoming their true color. In the summer, the chlorophyll (which is how the leaves receive nourishment from the sun) takes over and causes them to turn green and hide their color.

      Craft/Science Project

      Apple Stamping 

      Supplies:


    • brown construction paper
    • white construction paper
    • white glue or glue stick
    • scissors
    • green paint
    • red paint
    • 2 foam brushes
    • 2 paper plates
    • 2 apples, cut in half
    • apple seeds, reserved from cut apples
    • markers (optional)

    • Directions: 
      1. Use scissors to cut a piece of construction paper in half.

      2. Cut a one-half sheet of paper into long strips. Cut a one-half sheet of paper into short strips. Lay one long strip on a flat surface and place the short strips in the opposite direction, overlapping and gluing the pieces together.

      3. Use long strips to weave the basket and glue the ends.

      4. Finish the basket with one long piece of paper, on the top and secure with glue. Trim the sides of the basket and round the corners on the bottom of the basket.

      5. Place paint on paper plates. Use foam brushes to apply paint to sliced apples and stamp them onto white construction paper. Let dry.

      6. When dry, use glue to add the basket to the paper and the seeds to the apple.

      *If you need picture references, please visit the link posted for the original craft: o   https://premeditatedleftovers.com/naturally-frugal-mom/apple-stamping-craft/#_a5y_p=5594193

      Friday, November 3, 2017

      Friday Greetings! Storytime and Apple Activities!


      Fall is in full swing here in Michigan and we have beautiful leaves of all colors on the trees. The air is getting colder and I have to wear a jacket, and even gloves when I leave for work in the morning! At this time of year there is a lot of apple baking going on! My favorite is apple crisp, but people also love to make apple sauce, apple pie, apple cider and other great apple foods! Here is a quick and fun mini apple crisp recipe that kids can make all by themselves!

      Simple Apple Crisp Recipe

      Ingredients:
      one apple
      2 tbsp butter softened
      2 tbsp brown sugar
      1/4 cup oatmeal
      a sprinkle of cinnamon
      - add in chopped nuts if you like!

      step 1: Prepare a pan by putting a cupcake liner into a cupcake tin, or use another kid sized baking dish.
      step 2: Prepare the apple: Peel and cut into small sections one large apple. I have even had 5 year old children peel their own apple with a plastic knife. It takes them some time and they often lose some good apple in the process, but it is great for practicing their fine motor skills! If your child is young, help them with the cutting part.
      step 3: Crumble mixture: Mix the butter, sugar, oatmeal and cinnamon together in a bowl. Adjust amounts so that you have a moist and crumbly mixture. Kids love to do the mixing part with their hands!
      step 4: Put the apples into the baking dish and top with the crumble mixture. Press the crumble down to make it smooth.
      step 5: Bake at 350 for about 35 minutes.
      step 6: cool and enjoy! It's delicious topped with ice cream, or non dairy alternative!



      If you try apple crisp this week, let me know at next week's storytime how you liked it! It is one of my favorites. If you want to make it fancy you can add more spices. I like nutmeg and lemon zest on my apples. What do you like? Creating in the kitchen is so much fun! You can share your pictures of your apple crisp on griggs facebook page, or email them to me so that I can see your creation.
      If you are interested in more apple activities for this week, check out the attachment to this email. There is an idea for an apple experiment, recipes for apple sauce and apple chips, even apple play dough!
      Have a great weekend!
      Mrs. C

      PS...  Here are some more great apple activities for you to try!


      As we enter the fall season, we at Griggs thought it might be fun for parents and students to do some apple-related activities! We’ve made a short list of some of our favorites with material lists and instructions. We hope to see pictures of the students having a wonderful time this fall! If there is a U-Pick farm nearby, we encourage you to take your students to pick apples! When you get home, you can slice an apple in half and place the flat side of the slice in either paint or ink and stamp the apple on a piece of paper for decorations, or to show our student the different parts of the apple!
      Rotting apple experiment
      ·       Empty glass ( for air)
      ·       Water glass
      ·       Vinegar glass
      ·       Oil glass
      ·       Apple slices
      Set an apple slice in each glass and watch how each slice reacts to the solution over time. Have your student write a hypothesis of what they think will happen. Will one solution make the apple decay faster? Slower?
      Make applesauce
      ·       8 apples, peeled and cut into chunks.
      ·       ½ cup of water
      ·       Measuring cups and spoons 9for water, sugar, and cinnamon)
      ·       ½ cup of sugar
      ·       Cinnamon
      ·       Stove or slow cooker
      ·       Two bowls
      ·       Wooden spoon and/or potato masher
      1. Put half of the apples into one bowl. Put the other half into a stove pot or the slow cooker, depending on how you will heat the apples.
      2. Add the same amount of water to each container of apples.
      3. Leave the bowl of apples alone. Heat the other container of apples until the apples are soft. This should take about 10-12 minutes on a burner set to medium or 2 1/2 hours in a slow cooker set on high.
      4. When the heated apples are soft, remove them from the heat and put them into the second bowl.
      5. Have children stir and mash each bowl of apples. (Be careful with the hot bowl.) How are the heated apples different from the unheated apples? What happened to them? Describe the changes.
      6. Once the applesauce has cooled enough, add sugar and cinnamon to taste. Enjoy the applesauce. If the unheated apples haven’t browned, you can drain the water from them and eat them, too. How do they contrast with the heated apples? You’ll probably use words like crispy, crunchy, and mushy.

      Talk about it:
      ·       Why do we have you make a bowl of unheated apple chunks? We do this so that the investigation is a true experiment, with a test (heated apples) and a comparison (unheated apples). Because we treat the two bowls of apples exactly the same except for the heating step, we know that it's the heat-and not some other difference-that caused the change in the soft apples.
      ·       Ask your child to think about other examples of irreversible change—things that can't go back to the way they were. If your unheated apples turned brown, that's one example! The Perfect Pancake episode includes descriptions of lots of these, and there are plenty more all around us.

      Apple scented playdough (no cook)
       2 cups all-purpose flour
      1 cup salt
      2 tbsp. cream of tartar
      3 tbsp. cooking oil (or coconut oil)
      3 tbsp. apple pie spice
      Food coloring
      Mix all together and slowly add 1 ½ cup almost boiling water to mixture. Stir and a ball should form. Allow 5 minute to cool before playing
      Apple Chips:
      Prep time:  20 mins
      Cook time:  2 hours
      Total time:  2 hours 20 mins
      Serves: 2 cups

      Homemade Oven Baked Apple Chips: It's amazing how different an apple tastes once the moisture is removed. Naturally sweet, healthy and totally addictive.
      Ingredients
      ·       2 apples
      ·       1 teaspoon cinnamon
      Instructions
      1.     Position oven racks in the upper and lower third of oven.
      2.     Preheat oven to 225 .
      3.     Line 2 baking sheets with parchment paper. Set aside.
      4.     Wash and dry the apples.
      5.     Core apples. (Optional)
      6.     Slice apples as thin as possible (about ⅛ inch) with a very sharp knife or a mandolin (leave skin on).
      7.     Place apples on the baking sheet in a single layer and not touching each other.
      8.     Sprinkle cinnamon evenly over apple slices.
      9.     Bake for approximately 1 hour and then turn each slice over, and continue to bake for at least another hour so. The longer they stay, they crispier they get.
      10.  Best served the day they are made. Can be stored in an airtight container for a few days.
      Notes
      The baking time will vary based on the thickness of each slice and the moisture content of the variety of the apples.
      Once the apple chips have been baked, they will crisp up as they cool off.